23 Oct 5 Keys World Health Organisation established for fish distributors
Fish farms are growing fast in Spain. They have the praiseworthy task of bringing quality and healthy fish to our homes, but the hygiene of the final product is very important. It will be perfect if the facilities, the staff and the whole process would follow certain rules concerning hygiene and fish care and manipulation.
World Health Organisation (WHO) has established 5 keys to safer aquaculture products to protect public health in order to guarantee a reliable and quality product.
1- Practice good personal hygiene
Good hygiene practices among the personnel are indispensable. While working on the fish farm, employees must remain clean to handle the tools, especially if the work is done manually.
The ideal would be to have a toilet and a sink close by, so that they can wash their hands thoroughly after each visit to the facility or each time the manipulate fish. The fish distributor should be in charge to provide clean water, soap and dry towels.
Workers should use the sink as a necessary routine that they perform frequently. They should go to the sink after changing clothes, working near the pond, or collecting fish. Also, if an employee has open wounds, he should cover them, especially if he must work near the pond.
By taking these measures, the fish distributor avoids having to deal with dangerous microorganisms and chemical substances that stay in clothes and hands causing unwanted contamination.
2- Clean the pond site
The pond and the pont site must be and remain perfectly clean. It must be located in an area far away from employee´s toilets, as well as from spaces where there are animals, such as livestock and poultry, which should be kept away completely.
The pond site and the land surrounding must have little chance, to none, of contaminating the pond with heavy metals or other substances. The pond should be moved if it is already located in a place without these characteristics.
Around the pond must be clean: no weeds or containers with waste chemicals and old equipment.
Following these guidelines will reduce the chances of the land contaminating the water and, therefore, the fish within the pond.
3- Manage water quality
Water quality management is the an essential point, it must be free of heavy metals contamination, microorganisms and other chemical substances which are dangerous to the process carried out by the fish farm.
Birds and other domestic animals should not even fly over the pond, because they can compromise the quality of the water. People must also be keep away, and only the authorized ones can be close by. It is obvious that garbage and other debris can not be near the pond.
4- Keep fish healthy
In order to guarantee fish health, the fish distributor must have a certified and trusted fingerling supplier. It is necessary to maintain the proper density of fish in the pond, avoiding overpopulation. Sick or dead fish must be removed on a daily basis. Furthermore all chemical substances not approved for the health of the fish must be avoided.
5- Use clean harvest equipment and container
Fish distributors must have are the proper equipment and clean tools to catch the fish. Fish catching must be executed at the beginning of the day and the fish must be transported immediately. Otherwise, fish should be place in containers (of non-porous material) with clean cold water.