12 Jul More than a quarter of all fish in Spain comes from aquaculture
Aquaculture in Spain is a sector on the rise, gaining more weight in our economy each year and emerging as one of the industries achieving greater sustainable growth year after year. It is a business that generates more and more, thanks to the quality and variety of its products.
This sector is defined as the cultivation of marine species in controlled environments, including algae, mollusks and fish. Species such as mussels, tuna, sea bass and seabream rank highest in terms of production in our country.
The mussel is king in our country due to the grand tradition of cultivation in communities such as Galicia. About 250 thousand tonnes are obtained annually from this product. Tuna is catching up year after year, with a production of 145 thousand tonnes.
It is estimated that the sector employs about 45,000 people in Spain, including direct and indirect employment. In some communities, such as Galicia, it is particularly relevant, since it is responsible for 97% of mussel production.
In terms of global data, there has been steady annual growth of ten percent since 1984. This has led it to become the sector that provides more than a quarter all fishing production in Spain.
It is undoubtedly a global colossus, since it is the branch of the food industry witnessing the highest growth. The diversification occurring in the sector is such that each year new species are being bred in both the sea and in rivers.
The overexploitation of fishing grounds, together with the increased demand of fishing products, allows us to open up a new space of growth to reach direct consumers of the products.
But there are additional applications for this product: pharmaceutical and cosmetics companies are starting to request it for the preparation of vitamin supplements and anti-aging creams. This is due to the different components found in these products.
According to a 2015 United Nations report, aquaculture production may be equal to that of fishing at around one hundred million tonnes each. These data show that the sector is in top shape to maintain constant growth.
Topping the last of cultivation volume worldwide are different types of algae of Chinese and Japanese origin followed by carp and oysters. Calculated in terms of monetary value, white shrimp would be number one followed by Atlantic salmon.
Demand for these farms is increasing all over the world, which means we must be present in a growing number of countries. This is true for distributors like Dagustin, which has shrimp farms in several parts of Central America.